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IMAGE GALLERY: How to build an underground copper mine

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Last month, Nevada Copper (TSE:NCU) commenced production at its underground Pumpkin Hollow Mine.

Construction began in 2018, and on Christmas Eve last month the company announced that it shipped its first copper concentrate.

Nevada Copper is taking a staged approach to building out its operation, starting with getting its underground mine up-and-running first. An open pit mine, which is currently in the feasibility stage, is planned to be built nearby.


Nevada Copper's president and CEO is Matt Gili, a mining engineer with a focus on underground operations.

He previously worked as Rio Tinto's chief operating officer for Oyu Tolgoi.

He also had stints at Barrick Gold and Hecla Mining.

Gili remarked that logistics are easier in Nevada compared to his previous stint in Mongolia.

"You can get parts. In 36 hours, you can deliver anything to Nevada," said Gili.


The project economics for the underground mine are a post-tax 25% internal rate of return of 25% with a $301 million net present value. The mine life is estimated at 13.5 years. The life of mine all-in-sustaining-cost is $1.96/lg of copper.


The mine is located about 1 hour and 17 minutes drive from Reno, Nevada, near the community of Yerington. The highway to get to the site passes by Tesla's battery plant.


Nevada Copper is starting with the underground operation first. A feasibility study for the open pit is starting this year.

Nevada Copper said the underground operation has the advantage of generating cash flow for the company more quickly before it makes a decision on the open pit. "Our strategy has been to advance the underground for a nominal price. That will then get the underground into production, become a cash-flow machine that then funds the corporate activities and will then allow us to advance the open pit as the next phase," said Gili.

The underground operations have the added advantage of running an exploration drilling for the open pit at a lower cost. Nevada Copper's open pit mine is planned to built near the underground operation. When running its exploration drilling program from underground, the company estimates it will be drilling 200 or 100 feet per hole as opposed to 2,000 feet at surface.


As of the first week of January, the company built its East Main Shaft with lateral development advanced 8,900 feet on both levels. Intermediate maintenance shops have been established on both the 2,850 and 2,770 levels. An East-North Vent Shaft is being advanced.


While the underground mine was being built, an above ground processing facility was constructed. The unit includes a conveyance system; crushing and griding circuit; floatation and thickening circuit; and filtering circuit. Anticipated production is 5,000 short tons per day of production.


The company has 250 employees, contractors and subcontractors on site. Staff for underground mine is 325-350 staff once running.


Time Lapse Video of Processing Facility Construction from Nevada Copper on Vimeo.


Images and video courtesy of Nevada Copper. Kitco's site visit to Pumpkin Hollow was funded by Nevada Copper. Picture of Reno courtesy of Trevor Baxter

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Kitco Metals Inc. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Kitco Metals Inc. nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Kitco Metals Inc. and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.